North Atlantic Treaty Organization

North Atlantic Treaty Organization
орг.
сокр. NATO пол. Организация Североатлантического договора, НАТО, Североатлантический альянс (военно-политический блок 16 государств Европы и Северной Америки; создан в 1949 г. по инициативе США; членами НАТО являются: Бельгия, Великобритания, Дания, Исландия, Италия, Канада, Люксембург, Нидерланды, Норвегия, Португалия, США и Франция — с момента основания, Греция и Турция — с 1952 г., ФРГ — с 1955 г., Испания — с 1982 г., Чехия, Венгрия и Польша — с 1999 г., Болгария, Эстония, Латвия, Литва, Румыния, Словакия и Словения — с 2004 г.; официальная цель НАТО — обеспечение безопасности миролюбивых государств, поддержание всеобщего мира; создан в разгар "холодной войны" с целью противостояния странам социалистического блока, входившим в зону влияния СССР; руководящий орган НАТО — Североатлантический совет (the North Atlantic Council); решения Совета и носят характер обязательств государств-членов пред блоком и не нуждаются в одобрении их парламентами; организацию работы руководящих органов блока и последующих консультаций осуществляет генеральный секретарь НАТО, возглавляющий Международный секретариат)
Syn:
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Англо-русский экономический словарь.

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Смотреть что такое "North Atlantic Treaty Organization" в других словарях:

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — ➡ NATO. * * * Introduction   military alliance established by the North Atlantic Treaty (also called the Washington Treaty) of April 4, 1949, which sought to create a counterweight to Soviet (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) armies stationed… …   Universalium

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO)    Established on 4 April 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is a collective security arrangement backed by the United States and its allies. Its principal function is to provide mutual defense if any member state is attacked by… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — Flagge der NATO Generalsekretär …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO)    Brussels serves as the seat of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the defense organization formed by North Atlantic nations in 1949. The headquarters were located in London from 1949 to 1952 and then moved to Paris. Following the… …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — NATO * * * North Atlantic Treaty Organization   [nɔːθ ət læntɪk triːtɪ ɔːgənaɪ zeɪʃn, englisch], die NATO …   Universal-Lexikon

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — noun an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security • Syn: ↑NATO • Hypernyms: ↑world organization, ↑world organisation, ↑international organization, ↑international organisation,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO)    Italy signed the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. The decision to enter the Western alliance was a hugely controversial one in an ideologically divided nation. In a parliamentary debate shortly before the signature of the pact,… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO)    Established in January 1950 to implement the provisions of the North Atlantic Treaty, NATO established a center in Brussels, Belgium, and in 1951 the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) was created in France with General… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO)    NATO was created in April 1949 as an alliance of 12 states (the United States and Canada, along with several states of Western Europe). It was established as a defensive alliance against the communist bloc, as a result of the growing… …   Glossary of UK Government and Politics

  • (the) North Atlantic Treaty Organization — the North Atlantic Treaty Organization [the North Atlantic Treaty Organization] ; » ↑NATO …   Useful english dictionary

  • List of Canadian ambassadors to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization — List of ambassadors and permanent representatives to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (North Atlantic Council) …   Wikipedia


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